Thermal activation and injection of charge solitons in 2D-arrays of small Josephson junctions.

P. Delsing, C. D. Chen, D. B. Haviland, Yuichi Harada, T. Claeson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured the zero bias resistance, R0, and the threshold voltage, Vt, of 2D arrays of small Josephson junctions as functions of temperature and magnetic field. At low temperature, the Coulomb blockade dominates due to the relatively large charging energy EC= e2 2C (C being the junction capacitance). We find that the zero bias resistance may be described by thermal activation of charge solitons in most cases, i.e., R0≈k exp( Ea kBT). In the normal state, the activation energy Ea is close to 0.25 EC. The measured activation energy at low magnetic field is less than 0.25EC+Δ (where Δ is the superconducting gap), but larger than EC for all arrays. In a few samples, where the Josephson coupling energy EJ is relatively large, Ea oscillates with the magnetic field. The period of the oscillation corresponds to one flux quantum per unit cell and the amplitude is roughly EJ. In these samples the threshold voltage also oscillates at low magnetic fields. Such behavior of both Ea and Vt is a clear indication that also Cooper pair solitons contribute to the charge transport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-994
Number of pages2
JournalPhysica B: Physics of Condensed Matter
Volume194-196
Issue numberPART 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Solitons
Josephson junctions
solitary waves
Chemical activation
activation
injection
Magnetic fields
Threshold voltage
magnetic fields
threshold voltage
Activation energy
activation energy
Coulomb blockade
charging
Charge transfer
indication
Temperature distribution
temperature distribution
Capacitance
capacitance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Thermal activation and injection of charge solitons in 2D-arrays of small Josephson junctions. / Delsing, P.; Chen, C. D.; Haviland, D. B.; Harada, Yuichi; Claeson, T.

In: Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter, Vol. 194-196, No. PART 1, 02.02.1994, p. 993-994.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Delsing, P. ; Chen, C. D. ; Haviland, D. B. ; Harada, Yuichi ; Claeson, T. / Thermal activation and injection of charge solitons in 2D-arrays of small Josephson junctions. In: Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter. 1994 ; Vol. 194-196, No. PART 1. pp. 993-994.
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