Thermal and dissolved gas effects on cavitation in a 2-D convergent-divergent nozzle flow

Satoshi Watanabe, Keisuke Enomoto, Yuya Yamamoto, Yoshinori Hara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is well known that the thermal effect of cavitation suppresses the development of cavity with the decreased local temperature due to the latent heat of evaporation. In the present study, to obtain the fundamental knowledge of thermal effect of cavitation, an experimental study of cavitation in a simple convergent-divergent nozzle was carried out using hydrofluoro- ether (HFE) as a working fluid. HFE was expected to reveal the thermal effect at room temperature, which enabled us to simply neglect the heat flux between the test section and outside, and to roughly keep adiabatic conditions on nozzle wall surfaces. It was found that the cavitation in HFE was a foam-like sheet cavity, which was different from a film like cavity in cold water. The temperature depression, near the leading edge of cavitation, was confirmed especially in more developed cavitation cases, revealing the existence of thermal effect of cavitation. However, in lower velocity cases, the measured cavity length was apparently longer in HFE despite of the expected thermal effect. The measured pressures inside the cavity were found to be apparently larger than the vapor pressure, indicating the possible separation of dissolved air into the cavity. Then, the cavitation number based on the measured cavity pressure instead of vapor pressure was proposed, and by using the proposed cavitation number, the thermal effect was clearly confirmed in terms of the cavity development. Frequency characteristics of measured pressure fluctuations were qualitatively similar regardless of the species of working fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFora
Subtitle of host publicationCavitation and Multiphase Flow; Fluid Measurements and Instrumentation; Microfluidics; Multiphase Flows: Work in Progress; Fluid-Particle Interactions in Turbulence
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791846261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
EventASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2014, Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels - Chicago, United States
Duration: Aug 3 2014Aug 7 2014

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM
Volume2
ISSN (Print)0888-8116

Other

OtherASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2014, Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period8/3/148/7/14

Fingerprint

Cavitation
Nozzles
Thermal effects
Gases
Ethers
Vapor pressure
Hot Temperature
Fluids
Latent heat
Temperature
Foams
Heat flux
Evaporation
Air

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Watanabe, S., Enomoto, K., Yamamoto, Y., & Hara, Y. (2014). Thermal and dissolved gas effects on cavitation in a 2-D convergent-divergent nozzle flow. In Fora: Cavitation and Multiphase Flow; Fluid Measurements and Instrumentation; Microfluidics; Multiphase Flows: Work in Progress; Fluid-Particle Interactions in Turbulence (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM; Vol. 2). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2014-21902

Thermal and dissolved gas effects on cavitation in a 2-D convergent-divergent nozzle flow. / Watanabe, Satoshi; Enomoto, Keisuke; Yamamoto, Yuya; Hara, Yoshinori.

Fora: Cavitation and Multiphase Flow; Fluid Measurements and Instrumentation; Microfluidics; Multiphase Flows: Work in Progress; Fluid-Particle Interactions in Turbulence. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2014. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Watanabe, S, Enomoto, K, Yamamoto, Y & Hara, Y 2014, Thermal and dissolved gas effects on cavitation in a 2-D convergent-divergent nozzle flow. in Fora: Cavitation and Multiphase Flow; Fluid Measurements and Instrumentation; Microfluidics; Multiphase Flows: Work in Progress; Fluid-Particle Interactions in Turbulence. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM, vol. 2, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2014, Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, Chicago, United States, 8/3/14. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2014-21902
Watanabe S, Enomoto K, Yamamoto Y, Hara Y. Thermal and dissolved gas effects on cavitation in a 2-D convergent-divergent nozzle flow. In Fora: Cavitation and Multiphase Flow; Fluid Measurements and Instrumentation; Microfluidics; Multiphase Flows: Work in Progress; Fluid-Particle Interactions in Turbulence. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2014. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM). https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2014-21902
Watanabe, Satoshi ; Enomoto, Keisuke ; Yamamoto, Yuya ; Hara, Yoshinori. / Thermal and dissolved gas effects on cavitation in a 2-D convergent-divergent nozzle flow. Fora: Cavitation and Multiphase Flow; Fluid Measurements and Instrumentation; Microfluidics; Multiphase Flows: Work in Progress; Fluid-Particle Interactions in Turbulence. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2014. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM).
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