Thermal re-ignition processes of switching arcs with various gas-blast using voltage application highly controlled by powersemiconductors

Tomoyuki Nakano, Yasunori Tanaka, K. Murai, Y. Uesugi, T. Ishijima, Kentaro Tomita, K. Suzuki, T. Shinkai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper focuses on a fundamental experimental approach to thermal arc re-ignition processes in a variety of gas flows in a nozzle. Using power semiconductor switches in the experimental system, the arc current and the voltage applied to the arc were controlled with precise timing. With this system, residual arcs were created in decaying phase under free recovery conditions; arc re-ignition was then intentionally instigated by application of artificial voltage - i.e. quasi-transient recovery voltage - to study the arc behaviour in both decaying and re-ignition phases. In this study, SF 6 , CO 2 , N 2 , O 2 , air and Ar arcs were intentionally re-ignited by quasi-TRV application at 20 μs delay time from initiation of free recovery condition. Through these experiments, the electron density at the nozzle throat was measured using a laser Thomson scattering method together with high speed video camera observation during the re-ignition process. Temporal variations in the electron density from the arc decaying to re-ignition phases were successfully obtained for each gas-blast arc at the nozzle throat. In addition, initial dielectric recovery properties of SF 6 , CO 2 , air and Ar arcs were measured under the same conditions. These data will be useful in the fundamental elucidation of thermal arc re-ignition processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number215202
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume51
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 30 2018

Fingerprint

blasts
ignition
Ignition
arcs
Gases
Electric potential
electric potential
gases
Recovery
Nozzles
Carbon Monoxide
Carrier concentration
recovery
nozzles
Semiconductor switches
throats
High speed cameras
Video cameras
Air
Flow of gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Thermal re-ignition processes of switching arcs with various gas-blast using voltage application highly controlled by powersemiconductors. / Nakano, Tomoyuki; Tanaka, Yasunori; Murai, K.; Uesugi, Y.; Ishijima, T.; Tomita, Kentaro; Suzuki, K.; Shinkai, T.

In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 51, No. 21, 215202, 30.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakano, Tomoyuki ; Tanaka, Yasunori ; Murai, K. ; Uesugi, Y. ; Ishijima, T. ; Tomita, Kentaro ; Suzuki, K. ; Shinkai, T. / Thermal re-ignition processes of switching arcs with various gas-blast using voltage application highly controlled by powersemiconductors. In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 2018 ; Vol. 51, No. 21.
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