2-Dimethylamino-5,7-bis(trifluoromethyl)-1,8-naphthyridine 1 was prepared as a new solid-state fluorophore. Recrystallization of 1 from CH 2Cl2/n-hexane afforded three crystal polymorphs, G, BM, and BO, with the space group (crystal class) C2/c (monoclinic), P21/c (monoclinic), and Pbca (orthorhombic), respectively, at 23 C. DSC curves for G showed one endothermic peak at 110 C in the high temperature region and two pairs of endo- and exothermic peaks at ca. 18 and 7 C in the low temperature region, which were assigned as crystal phase transitions. In the high temperature region, a reversible transformation from G to B (a mixture of BM and BO) by heating at 110 C and from B to G by grinding was observed with alteration of the emitted color. In the low temperature region, X-ray crystallography suggested that G transformed to G2 (10 C) and G4 (-50 C) with a subtle alteration of molecular arrangements through thermal single crystal to single crystal interconversion. Eventually, 1 provided five crystal polymorphs, G, G2, G4, BM, and BO, containing eight crystallographically independent molecules. In contrast, the 1-quinoline analogue, 2, provided two crystal polymorphs, 2α (23 C) and 2β (-123 C).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics