Thermal stability of LixCoO2 cathode for lithium ion battery

Yasunori Baba, Shigeto Okada, Jun ichi Yamaki

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Abstract

It is well known that charged Lix)CoO2 (x < 1) is metastable, and that oxygen evolution has been observed at temperatures above 200 °C. LixCoO2, delithiated by a chemical method using H2SO4, was investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) with/without an electrolyte (1 M LiPF6/ethylene carbonate (EC) + dimethyl carbonate (DMC)). The lithium content x in the delithiated LixCoO2 was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The DSC profile of Li0.49CoO2 showed two exothermic peaks, one beginning at 190 °C and the other beginning at 290 °C. From high-temperature X-ray diffraction (XRD), it was found that the first peak, from 190 °C, was the phase transition from a monoclinic (R3̄m) to a spinel structure (Fd3m). The DSC measurements of Li0.49CoO2 with the electrolyte at various mixing ratios showed two exothermic peaks, one beginning at 190 °C and the other at 230 °C. The exothermic heat of each peak was proportional to the amount of Li0.49CoO2. The peak starting at 190 °C probably resulted from the decomposition of solvent due to an active cathode surface, and the peak starting at 230 °C was electrolyte oxidation caused by released oxygen from Li0.49CoO2. The exothermic heat from 190 to 230 °C based on cathode weight was 420 ± 120 J/g, and that from 230 to 300 °C was 1000 ± 250 J/g.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-316
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume148
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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