Two novel thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters, 3-phenylquinolino[3,2,1-de]acridine-5,9-dione (3-PhQAD) and 7-phenylquinolino[3,2,1-de]acridine-5,9-dione (7-PhQAD), were designed and synthesized based on a rigid quinolino[3,2,1-de]acridine-5,9-dione (QAD) framework. With the effective superimposed resonance effect from electron-deficient carbonyls and electron-rich nitrogen atom, both emitters realize significant TADF characteristics with small ΔE ST s of 0.18 and 0.19 eV, respectively. And, molecular relaxations were dramatically suppressed for both emitters because of their conjugated structure. In the devices, 3-PhQAD realizes superior performance with a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 19.1% and a narrow full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 44 nm, whereas a maximum EQE of 18.7% and an extremely narrow FWHM of 34 nm are realized for 7-PhQAD. These superior results reveal that apart from nitrogen and boron-aromatic systems, QAD framework can also act as a TADF matrix with effective resonance effect, and QAD derivatives are ideal candidates to develop TADF emitters with narrow FWHMs for practical applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)