Thermionic electron emission from a mayenite electride-metallic titanium composite cathode

Toshihiro Yoshizumi, Katsuro Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A composite thermionic cathode consisting of 12CaO·7Al 2O3 (C12A7) electride and metallic Ti (70 : 30 vol %) was fabricated as an electron emitter, and the thermionic electron emission properties were evaluated. A high emission current density of ∼1:4mAcm -2 was achieved at 700 °C with an electric field of 4:0 × 104 Vcm-1. The work function evaluated from the Richardson-Dushman equation was 2:1 ± 0:3 eV, which coincides with the value for pure C12A7 electride and is lower than that for LaB6. Unlike the pure material, the composite has ohmic contact with metallic materials, and can be heated directly by electrical current.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015802
JournalApplied Physics Express
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

thermionic emission
Electron emission
electron emission
Richardson-Dushman equation
Cathodes
titanium
Titanium
Thermionic cathodes
cathodes
thermionic cathodes
composite materials
Ohmic contacts
Composite materials
electric contacts
emitters
Current density
Electric fields
current density
electric fields
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Thermionic electron emission from a mayenite electride-metallic titanium composite cathode. / Yoshizumi, Toshihiro; Hayashi, Katsuro.

In: Applied Physics Express, Vol. 6, No. 1, 015802, 01.01.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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