Near the liquid-gas critical point, thermal disturbances can generate sounds. We study the acoustic emission over four decades of reduced temperatures [defined as ε=(T-Tc)/Tc, with Tc the critical temperature] along the critical isochore, under linear and nonlinear temperature perturbations, respectively. We identify various thermoacoustic behaviors by numerically solving the governing equations. It is shown that a homogeneous thermoacoustic-wave pattern dominates in the linear case, largely independent of ε; whereas under the nonlinear perturbation, variation in ε could lead to severe wavefront deformation. The strong nonlinear effect is found to be of a transient nature because, in due time, both cases tend to converge in terms of the energy yield of the adiabatic process.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 21 2011|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics