Thermodynamics of formation of and adsorption at interfaces with a floating lens

Makoto Aratono, Takayuki Toyomasu, Norihiro Ikeda, Takanori Takiue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermodynamic equations of the formation of and adsorption at interfaces were derived for a three-phase system having a floating lens with curved interfaces. The surface excess quantities were defined both in the H convention based on the two dividing surfaces and in the P convention based on the four dividing surfaces. Their physical significance and utilities were discussed. The equations were simplified to be applicable to the three- component systems with the plane A/W interface and a relatively large size of lens, such as the air/water/long-chain alcohol systems. The formulation and geometrical consideration of the two conventions with respect to this simple cases revealed that the H convention introduces the distance between the two dividing surfaces and the P convention introduces three kinds of distances between the four dividing surfaces including a kind of thickness of the reference oil lens phase in the A/W interfacial region. Furthermore, the general equations were simplified to be applicable to four-component systems such as the air/oil solution of a surface-active substance/water or the air/oil/aqueous solution of a surfactant with a floating oil lens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-422
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
Volume218
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 1999

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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