Thermodynamics of nitrogen absorption into solid solution in Fe-Cr-Mn ternary alloys

T. Tsuchiyama, S. Takaki

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)


For the purpose of fabricating ultra-high nitrogen austenitic steels (>1mass%N), the phenomenon of nitrogen absorption into solid solution was thermodynamically analyzed and applied to Fe-Cr-Mn system ternary alloy. During the annealing of the steel in a nitrogen gas atmosphere of 0.1 MPa at 1473 K (nitrogen absorption treatment), the nitrogen content of the steel was increased with the absorption of nitrogen gas from the material surface and then saturated when the system reached a state of equilibrium. The effect of the steel composition on the equilibrium nitrogen content was formulated taking account of interactions among Cr, Mn and N atoms, and the condition for fabrication of ultra-high nitrogen austenitic steels was clarified. The nitrogen addition to ultra-high content markedly increased proof stress and tensile stress of the austenitic steels without losing moderate ductility. For example, Fe-24Cr-10Mn-1.43N (mass%) alloy has 830 MPa in 0.2% proof stress, 2.2 GPa in true tensile stress and 75% in total elongation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-962
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science Forum
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003
EventThermec 2003 Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials - Madrid, Spain
Duration: Jul 7 2003Jul 11 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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