Thermoelectric voltage at metallic point contact by nonequilibrium effect and electron tunneling eeffct

Kunio Hijikata, Kohei Ito, Kunikazu Torikoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The motivation for this work is the desire to obtain a fundamental understanding of the nonequilibrium state between electrons and phonons, and to apply this phenomenon to a point temperature measurement of small heating elements such as an LSI. The experiment was carried out using a gold-gold point contact under cryogenic conditions, and a heat flux through the point contact was applied via the temperature difference across the contact. In this condition, thermoelectric voltages appeared even when the entire closed circuit consisted of the same material. In the theoretical analysis, the nonequilibrium effect and the geometric effect at the point contact were taken into account to explain the appearance of the thermoelectric voltage in a closed circuit made by the same material. Good agreement between the theory and the experiment was obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1863-1868
Number of pages6
JournalTransactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series B
Volume61
Issue number585
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

Fingerprint

Electron tunneling
Point contacts
electron tunneling
gold
large scale integration
Electric potential
electric potential
Gold
cryogenics
temperature measurement
Electric heating elements
heat flux
temperature gradients
phonons
Networks (circuits)
Phonons
Temperature measurement
Cryogenics
Electron energy levels
heating

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Thermoelectric voltage at metallic point contact by nonequilibrium effect and electron tunneling eeffct. / Hijikata, Kunio; Ito, Kohei; Torikoshi, Kunikazu.

In: Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series B, Vol. 61, No. 585, 01.01.1995, p. 1863-1868.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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