Thermophysical properties of rare-earth-stabilized zirconia and zirconate pyrochlores, A 2Zr 2O 7 (A = La, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Y), were evaluated by X-ray diffractometry, Raman spectroscopy, and the ultrasound pulse-echo method. Crystallographic analyses elucidated that La 2Zr 2O 7, Nd 2Zr 2O 7, Sm 2Zr 2O 7, and Gd 2Zr 2O 7 had the pyrochlore structure, whereas Dy 2Zr 2O 7 and Y 2Zr 2O 7 had the defect fluorite structure. For lanthanide pyrochlores, the thermal expansion became smaller with increasing ionic radius of A and increasing crystal binding energy. The elastic moduli and Debye temperature evaluated using longitudinal and transverse sound velocities also depend on the ionic radius and binding energy, and hence these values related to mechanical properties increase with the ionic radius of A. On the other hand, Poisson's ratio was almost comparable among these pyrochlores. In addition, thermophysical properties of actinide pyrochlore are discussed in this study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics