Thermotolerant cyclamen with reduced acrolein and methyl vinyl ketone

Hiroomi Kai, Keita Hirashima, Osamu Matsuda, Hidetoshi Ikegami, Traud Winkelmann, Takao Nakahara, Koh Iba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reduced levels of trienoic fatty acids (TAs) in chloroplast membranes induce thermotolerance in several plant species, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. TA peroxidation in plant cell membranes generates cytotoxic, TA-derived compounds containing α,β-unsaturated carbonyl groups. The relationship between low TA levels and the amounts of cytotoxic TA-derived compounds was examined using thermotolerant transgenic cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum Mill.) with low TA contents. Changes in the levels of the cytotoxic TA-derived acrolein (ACR), methyl vinyl ketone (MVK), (E)-2-hexenal, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, and malondialdehyde were analysed in the leaf tissues of wild-type (WT) and thermotolerant transgenic cyclamen under heat stress. Levels of ACR and MVK in the WT increased in parallel with the occurrence of heat-induced tissue damage, whereas no such changes were observed in the thermotolerant transgenic lines. Furthermore, exogenous ACR and MVK infiltrated into leaves to concentrations similar to those observed in heat-stressed WT leaves caused similar disease symptoms. These results suggest that thermotolerance in transgenic cyclamen depends on reduced production rates of ACR and MVK under heat stress, due to the low level of TAs in these plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4143-4150
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume63
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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