Three-body model study of A =6-7 hypernuclei: Halo and skin structures

Emiko Hiyama, Masayasu Kamimura, Toshio Motoba, Taiichi Yamada, Yasuo Yamamoto

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Abstract

Low-lying states of A = 6 hypernuclear doublets ( 6 Λ He and 6 Λ Li) and A = 7 triplets ( 7 Λ He, 7 Λ Li, and 7 Λ Be) are studied with an accurate three-body model calculation in which all the rearrangement Jacobian coordinates are equally taken into account. Since most of the hypernuclear states concerned are weakly bound states, focus is placed on the binding energies with respect to the particle breakup thresholds and on the density distributions in the surface and exterior regions. With the α + Λ + N model, the observed binding energies of the ground states of 6 Λ He and 6 Λ Li are well reproduced. 6 Λ He is found to have a three-layer structure of the matter distribution: the α nuclear core, a Λ skin, and a neutron halo. The A = 7 hypernuclei are shown to be well described with the 5 Λ He + N+N model. Using a realistic NN interaction, the correlation between the valence nucleons is fully taken into account; this is essentially important to make the proton-rich three-body system 7 Λ Be = 5 Λ He + p+p bound although none of the two-body subsystems is bound. The observed binding energies of 7 Λ Li and 7 Λ Be are well reproduced, and energies are predicted for 7 Λ He whose core nucleus is a neutron halo nucleus, 6 He. We discuss the validity of the assumption of frozen deuterons adopted in the previous α + d + Λ models for the T = 0 states of 7 Λ Li.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2075-2085
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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