Catheter-based micro-axial ventricular assist device Impella® (Abiomed, Danvers, MA) has been used in Japanese patients with drug-refractory acute heart failure (AHF) since 2017. This is the first interim analysis of the ongoing Japan Registry for Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Device (J-PVAD) to investigate the safety and efficacy of Impella support. Between October 2017 and January 2020, 823 Japanese patients, who were treated with the Impella 2.5, CP, or 5.0 pump, were enrolled. The primary endpoints were safety profiles and cumulative 30-day survival. Among them, 44.8% of patients were acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock. The Impella pumps were unable to implant in 4 patients. The Impella 2.5, CP, and 5.0 pumps were used in 72.4%, 6.2%, and 16.6%, respectively, and mean support duration was 8.1 ± 10.2 days. Combination use of Impella and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) was applied for 387 patients (47.3%). Pump stop occurred 22 patients (2.7%). Major adverse events included hemolysis (11.2%), hemorrhage/hematoma (6.1%), peripheral ischemia (1.6%), and stroke (1.6%). The overall 30-day survival was 62.2%. Survival of patients with single Impella support was significantly higher than patients with Impella combined with VA-ECMO support (81.1% vs 49.6%; p < 0.01), who had lower blood pressure, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, and higher degree of inotropic support. Results suggest that short-term outcome of Impella support for Japanese patients was favorable with acceptable safety profiles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine