Thymine DNA glycosylase modulates DNA damage response and gene expression by base excision repair-dependent and independent mechanisms

Tomohumi Nakamura, Kouichi Murakami, Haruto Tada, Yoshihiko Uehara, Jumpei Nogami, Kazumitsu Maehara, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Hisato Saitoh, Hideo Nishitani, Tetsuya Ono, Ryotaro Nishi, Masayuki Yokoi, Wataru Sakai, Kaoru Sugasawa

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG) is a base excision repair (BER) enzyme, which is implicated in correction of deamination-induced DNA mismatches, the DNA demethylation process and regulation of gene expression. Because of these pivotal roles associated, it is crucial to elucidate how the TDG functions are appropriately regulated in vivo. Here, we present evidence that the TDG protein undergoes degradation upon various types of DNA damage, including ultraviolet light (UV). The UV-induced degradation of TDG was dependent on proficiency in nucleotide excision repair and on CRL4CDT 2-mediated ubiquitination that requires a physical interaction between TDG and DNA polymerase clamp PCNA. Using the Tdg-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts, we found that ectopic expression of TDG compromised cellular survival after UV irradiation and repair of UV-induced DNA lesions. These negative effects on cellular UV responses were alleviated by introducing mutations in TDG that impaired its BER function. The expression of TDG induced a large-scale alteration in the gene expression profile independently of its DNA glycosylase activity, whereas a subset of genes was affected by the catalytic activity of TDG. Our results indicate the presence of BER-dependent and BER-independent functions of TDG, which are involved in regulation of cellular DNA damage responses and gene expression patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-405
Number of pages14
JournalGenes to Cells
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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    Nakamura, T., Murakami, K., Tada, H., Uehara, Y., Nogami, J., Maehara, K., Ohkawa, Y., Saitoh, H., Nishitani, H., Ono, T., Nishi, R., Yokoi, M., Sakai, W., & Sugasawa, K. (2017). Thymine DNA glycosylase modulates DNA damage response and gene expression by base excision repair-dependent and independent mechanisms. Genes to Cells, 22(4), 392-405. https://doi.org/10.1111/gtc.12481