The growth of thyroid cells is tightly regulated by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) through the cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) signaling pathway by potentiating the mitogenic activity of insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). However, we recently reported that thyroglobulin (Tg), a major product of the thyroid, also induces the growth of thyroid cells cultured in 0.2% serum in the absence of TSH and insulin. In this report, we demonstrate that Tg induced phosphorylation of molecules of the c-Raf/MEK/ERK pathway of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). The MEK-1/2 inhibitor PD98059 suppressed Tg-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and reduced bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation. Tg also induced expression of the essential transcriptional factors c-Myc, c-Fos and c-Jun and phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. The present results, together with the previous report, suggest that Tg utilizes multiple signaling cascades to induce thyroid cell growth independent of TSH/cAMP stimulation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 13 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology