Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) originates from self-renewing leukemic stem cells (LSCs), an ultimate therapeutic target for AML. Recent studies have shown that many AML LSC-specific surface antigens could be such candidates. T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (TIM-3) is expressed on LSCs in most types of AML, except for acute promyelocytic leukemia, but not on normal hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). In mouse models reconstituted with human AML LSCs or human hematopoietic stem cells, a human TIM-3 mouse IgG2a antibody with complement-dependent and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic activities eradicates AML LSCs in vivo but does not affect normal human hematopoiesis. Thus, TIM-3 is one of the promising targets to eradicate AML LSCs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science