Background and Purpose: The acetazolamide effect is thought to reach a maximum at 10 to 20 minutes after administration. However, we sometimes encountered patients who showed a transient deterioration of ischemic symptoms several minutes after acetazolamide administration. We therefore considered that a steal phenomenon may occur before the acetazolamide effect reaches a maximum. We evaluated the time dependency of the acetazolamide effect on cerebral hemodynamics in patients with severe stenosis or occlusion of the unilateral internal carotid artery. Methods: The subjects consisted of 13 patients with severe stenosis or occlusion of the unilateral internal carotid artery. Regional cerebral blood flow was measured at the resting state and at 5 and 20 minutes after the intravenous administration of 1 g acetazolamide by the use of the [15O]H2O bolus-injection method and positron emission tomography. The steal phenomenon was interpreted as positive when the regional cerebral blood flow values decreased by more than 10% after the administration of acetazolamide in more than one region of interest. Results: A steal phenomenon was observed in 5 of 13 patients at 5 minutes after acetazolamide administration on the occlusive side, whereas it was observed in only 1 patient at 20 minutes. Thus, this phenomenon was observed more frequently in the early phase of the acetazolamide test. It was also observed more frequently in patients with poorly developed collateral circulation. Conclusions: Our acetazolamide [15O]H2O positron emission tomography study revealed an early steal phenomenon at 5 minutes after intravenous administration of acetazolamide, which may be a cause of the transient deterioration of ischemic symptoms during the acetazolamide test.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing