Tongue squamous cell carcinoma producing both parathyroid hormone-related protein and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor: A case report and literature review

Naoki Kaneko, Shintaro Kawano, Ryota Matsubara, Yuichi Goto, Teppei Jinno, Yasuyuki Maruse, Taiki Sakamoto, Yuma Hashiguchi, Masakazu Iida, Seiji Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Paraneoplastic syndrome generally results from tumor-derived hormones or peptides that cause metabolic derangements. Common metabolic conditions include hyponatremia, hypercalcemia, hypoglycemia, and Cushing's syndrome. Herein, we report a very rare case of tongue carcinoma presenting with leukocytosis and hypercalcemia. Case presentation: A 57-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with tongue squamous cell carcinoma (cT4aN0M0, stage IV). He underwent radical resection following preoperative chemoradiotherapy, but locoregional recurrence was detected 2 months after surgery. He presented with marked leukocytosis and hypercalcemia with elevated serum levels of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP). He was therefore managed with intravenous fluids, furosemide, prednisolone, elcatonin, and pamidronate. However, the patient died 1 month later of carcinomatous pleuritis following distant metastasis to the lung. Immunohistochemical analyses of the resected specimens revealed positive staining for PTHrP and G-CSF in the cancer cells. Conclusions: In this case, it was considered that tumor-derived G-CSF and PTHrP caused leukocytosis and hypercalcemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number161
JournalWorld Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 17 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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