A novel perovskite fluoride, LixCoF3, which has an exceptionally low tolerance factor (0.81), has been synthesized via low-temperature lithium intercalation into a distorted ReO3-type fluoride CoF3 using organolithium reagents. Interestingly, this reaction is completed within 15 min at room temperature. Synchrotron X-ray diffractometry and optical second harmonic generation at room temperature have revealed that this compound shows a high-temperature LiNbO3-type structure (space group: R3¯ c) involving Li-Co antisite defects and A-site splitting along the c direction. A-site splitting is consistent with the prediction based on hybrid Hartree-Fock density functional theory calculations. Co-L2,3 edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy, as well as bond valence sum analysis, has verified the divalent oxidation state of Co ions in the lithiated phase, suggesting that its composition is close to LiCoF3 (x ≈ 1). This compound exhibits a paramagnetic-to-antiferromagnetic transition at 36 K on cooling, accompanied by weak ferromagnetic ordering. The synthetic route based on low-temperature lithiation of metal fluorides host paves the way for obtaining a new LiNbO3-type fluoride family.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry