Human 34-kDa peroxisomal membrane protein (PMP34) consisting of 307 amino acids was previously identified as an ortholog of, or a similar protein (with 27% identity) to the, 423-amino acid-long PMP47 of the yeast Candida boidinii. We investigated membrane topogenesis of PMP34 with six putative transmembrane segments, as a model peroxisomal membrane protein. PMP34 was characterized as an integral membrane protein of peroxisomes. Transmembrane topology of PMP34 was determined by differential permeabilization and immunofluorescent staining of HeLa cells ectopically expressing PMP34 as well as of Chinese hamster ovary-K1 expressing epitope-tagged PMP34. As opposed to PMP47, PMP34 was found to expose its N- and C-terminal parts to the cytosol. Various deletion variants of PMP34 and their fusion proteins with green fluorescent protein were expressed in Chinese hamster ovary-K1 and were verified with respect to intracellular localization. The loop region between transmembrane segments 4 and 5 was required for the peroxisome-targeting activity, in which Ala substitution for basic residues abrogated the activity. Three hydrophobic transmembrane segments linked in a flanking region of the basic loop were essential for integration of PMP34 to peroxisome membranes. Therefore, it is evident that the intervening basic loop plus three transmembrane segments of PMP34 function as a peroxisomal targeting and topogenic signal.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology