Accurate DNA replication is at the heart of faithful genome transmission in dividing cells. DNA replication is strictly controlled by various factors. However, how environmental stresses such as nutrient starvation impact on these factors and DNA replication is largely unknown. Here we show that DNA replication is regulated by target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) protein kinase, which is a central regulator of cell growth and proliferation in response to nutrients. TORC1 inactivation reduced the levels of various proteins critical for DNA replication initiation, such as Mcm3, Orc3, Cdt1, and Sld2, and retarded DNA replication. TORC1 inactivation promoted proteasome-mediated Mcm3 degradation. Skp1–Cullin–F-box (SCF)-Grr1 and PEST motif mediated Mcm3 degradation. TORC1-downstream factors PP2A-Cdc55 protein phosphatase and protein kinase A regulated Mcm3 degradation. This study showed that TORC1 signaling modulates DNA replication to coordinate cell growth and genome replication in response to nutrient availability.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 10 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology