Total whitening for online signature verification based on deep representation

Xiaomeng Wu, Akisato Kimura, Kunio Kashino, Seiichi Uchida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In deep metric learning targeted at time series, the correlation between feature activations may be easily enlarged through highly nonlinear neural networks, leading to suboptimal embedding effectiveness. An effective solution to this problem is whitening. For example, in online signature verification, whitening can be derived for three individual Gaussian distributions, namely the distributions of local features at all temporal positions 1) for all signatures of all subjects, 2) for all signatures of each particular subject, and 3) for each particular signature of each particular subject. This study proposes a unified method called total whitening that integrates these individual Gaussians. Total whitening rectifies the layout of multiple individual Gaussians to resemble a standard normal distribution, improving the balance between intraclass invariance and interclass discriminative power. Experimental results demonstrate that total whitening achieves state-of-the-art accuracy when tested on online signature verification benchmarks.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ICPR 2020 - 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages655-661
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781728188089
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2020 - Virtual, Milan, Italy
Duration: Jan 10 2021Jan 15 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Pattern Recognition
ISSN (Print)1051-4651

Conference

Conference25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2020
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityVirtual, Milan
Period1/10/211/15/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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