We have investigated the functional elements involved in cAMP-stimulated transcription of the human ferredoxin gene. Unlike the bovine gene, the human gene lacked a second upstream RNA initiation site as demonstrated by sequence analysis of the exon boundary, lack of upstream RNA, and analysis of the promoter. The presence of a single promoter was determined by testing the ability of various gene segments to drive the expression of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene after transfection into a mouse adrenal cell line Y1. Full promoter activity was conferred by a DNA fragment spanning -209 to +55, although the -94 to +55 fragment already provided some promoter activity. Transcription from the -94 to +55 segment was stimulated by 2-fold when 8-bromo-cAMP was added to the cell. Footprinting analyses showed two GC boxes at -50 to -70 and -87 to -108 were protected by proteins from both Y1 and HeLa cells. Competition experiments showed that a protein with a recognition sequence indistinguishable from Sp1 bound to these sites. When connected to a heterologous TATA box, the sequence at -76 to -42, which contained the proximal GC box, was able to confer a high level of basal transcription and cAMP stimulation. This sequence does not show sequence homology with the known cAMP-responsive element. Mutations or deletion of the Sp 1-binding site showed diminished basal transcription and defined the cAMP responsive sequence to be from -76 to -62. Therefore the cAMP-responsive sequence of the human ferredoxin gene was located at -76 to -62, which was adjacent to the Sp 1-binding site.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology