Transforming growth factor-β-induced gene product-h3 inhibits odontoblastic differentiation of dental pulp cells

Suguru Serita, Atsushi Tomokiyo, Daigaku Hasegawa, Sayuri Hamano, Hideki Sugii, Shinichiro Yoshida, Hiroyuki Mizumachi, Hiromi Mitarai, Satoshi Monnouchi, Naohisa Wada, Hidefumi Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate transforming growth factor-β-induced gene product-h3 (βig-h3) expression in dental pulp tissue and its effects on odontoblastic differentiation of dental pulp cells (DPCs). Design A rat direct pulp capping model was prepared using perforated rat upper first molars capped with mineral trioxide aggregate cement. Human DPCs (HDPCs) were isolated from extracted teeth. βig-h3 expression in rat dental pulp tissue and HDPCs was assessed by immunostaining. Mineralization of HDPCs was assessed by Alizarin red-S staining. Odontoblast-related gene expression in HDPCs was analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR. Results Expression of βig-h3 was detected in rat dental pulp tissue, and attenuated by direct pulp capping, while expression of interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α was increased in exposed pulp tissue. βig-h3 expression was also detected in HDPCs, with reduced expression during odontoblastic differentiation. The above cytokines reduced βig-h3 expression in HDPCs, and promoted their mineralization. Recombinant βig-h3 inhibited the expression of odontoblast-related genes and mineralization of HDPCs, while knockdown of βig-h3 gene expression promoted the expression of odontoblast-related genes in HDPCs. Conclusions The present findings suggest that βig-h3 in DPCs may be involved in reparative dentin formation and that its expression is likely to negatively regulate this process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology

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