Transient and local weakening of surface winds observed above the Kuroshio front in the winter East China Sea

Kenki Kasamo, Atsuhiko Isobe, Shoshiro Minobe, Atsuyoshi Manda, Hirohiko Nakamura, Koto Ogata, Hatsumi Nishikawa, Yoshihiro Tachibana, Shin’Ichiro Kako

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To confirm whether surface winds strengthen above warm waters around oceanic fronts using in situ data, a field measurement was conducted using both expendable bathythermographs and Global Positioning System sondes released concurrently across the Kuroshio front in the East China Sea in December 2010. In contrast to previous studies mainly based on satellite observations, the finding of the present field survey is the local weakening of surface winds at the northern flank of the Kuroshio front. From the above field observation in conjunction with a regional numerical model experiment, it is suggested that the northwesterly winds crossing the Kuroshio front from the cooler side first weaken at the northern flank of the front because of the onset of upward transfer of the “nonslip” condition at the sea surface. Thereafter, as the atmospheric mixed layer with warm and humid air mass develops gradually downwind over the Kuroshio region, the surface winds are gradually accelerated by the momentum mixing with strong winds aloft. The surface winds remain strong over the cool East China Sea shelf, and it is thus considered that the surface winds only weaken at the northern flank of the Kuroshio front. However, numerical modeling indicates that this local weakening of the surface winds occurs as a transient state with a short duration and such a structure has thus rarely been detected in the long-term averaged wind fields observed by satellites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1277-1291
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 16 2014

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East China Sea
surface wind
winter
China
oceanic front
winds aloft
bathythermographs
shelf sea
sondes
warm water
wind field
Satellites
air mass
field survey
mixed layer
sea
global positioning systems
satellite observation
air masses
Global Positioning System

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Transient and local weakening of surface winds observed above the Kuroshio front in the winter East China Sea. / Kasamo, Kenki; Isobe, Atsuhiko; Minobe, Shoshiro; Manda, Atsuyoshi; Nakamura, Hirohiko; Ogata, Koto; Nishikawa, Hatsumi; Tachibana, Yoshihiro; Kako, Shin’Ichiro.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 119, No. 3, 16.02.2014, p. 1277-1291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kasamo, K, Isobe, A, Minobe, S, Manda, A, Nakamura, H, Ogata, K, Nishikawa, H, Tachibana, Y & Kako, SI 2014, 'Transient and local weakening of surface winds observed above the Kuroshio front in the winter East China Sea', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 1277-1291. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JD020610
Kasamo, Kenki ; Isobe, Atsuhiko ; Minobe, Shoshiro ; Manda, Atsuyoshi ; Nakamura, Hirohiko ; Ogata, Koto ; Nishikawa, Hatsumi ; Tachibana, Yoshihiro ; Kako, Shin’Ichiro. / Transient and local weakening of surface winds observed above the Kuroshio front in the winter East China Sea. In: Journal of Geophysical Research. 2014 ; Vol. 119, No. 3. pp. 1277-1291.
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