Salinization of crop fields is a pressing matter for sustainable agriculture under desertification and is largely attributed to root absorptive functions of the major crops such as maize. The rates of water and ion absorption of intact root system of maize plants were measured under the salinized condition, and the salt absorptive function of maize roots was analyzed by applying different two kinetic models of root ion absorption (i.e. the concentration dependent model and the transpiration integrated model). The absorption rates for salinization ions (Na+, Cl-, Ca2+ and Mg2+) were found to depend on ion mass flow through roots driven by the transpiration, and therefore the transpiration integrated model represented more accurately rates of root ion absorption. The root absorption of salinization ions was characterized quantitatively by two model parameters of Q′max and K′M involved in the transpiration integrated model, which are considered to relate to the potential absorbing power and the ion affinity of transport proteins on root cell membranes, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Molecular Biology
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology