Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cell-derived neural precursor cells ameliorates deficits in a rat model of complete spinal cord transection

Misaki Aizawa-Kohama, Toshiki Endo, Masaaki Kitada, Shohei Wakao, Akira Sumiyoshi, Dai Matsuse, Yasumasa Kuroda, Takahiro Morita, Jorge J. Riera, Ryuta Kawashima, Teiji Tominaga, Mari Dezawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After severe spinal cord injury, spontaneous functional recovery is limited. Numerous studies have demonstrated cell transplantation as a reliable therapeutic approach. However, it remains unknown whether grafted neuronal cells could replace lost neurons and reconstruct neuronal networks in the injured spinal cord. To address this issue, we transplanted bone marrow stromal cell-derived neural progenitor cells (BM-NPCs) in a rat model of complete spinal cord transection 9 days after the injury. BM-NPCs were induced from bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) by gene transfer of the Notch-1 intraceilular domain followed by culturing in the neurosphere method. As reported previously, BM-NPCs differentiated into neuronal cells in a highly selective manner in vitro. We assessed hind limb movements of the animals weekly for 7 weeks to monitor functional recovery after local injection of BM-NPCs to the transected site. To test the sensory recovery, we performed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using electrical stimulation of the hind limbs. In the injured spinal cord, transplanted BM-NPCs were confirmed to express neuronal markers 7 weeks following the transplantation. Grafted cells successfully extended neurites beyond the transected portion of the spinal cord. Adjacent localization of synaptophysin and PSD-95 in the transplanted cells suggested synaptic formations. These results indicated survival and successful differentiation of BM-NPCs in the severely injured spinal cord, importantly, rats that received BM-NPCs demonstrated significant motor recovery when compared to the vehicle injection group. Volumes of the fMRI signals in somatosensory cortex were larger in the BM-NPC-grafted animals. However, neuronal activity was diverse and not confined to the original hind limb territory in the somatosensory cortex. Therefore, reconstruction of neuronal networks was not clearly confirmed. Our results indicated BM-NPCs as an effective method to deliver neuronal lineage cells in a severely injured spinal cord. However, reestablishment of neuronal networks in completed transected spinal cord was still a challenging task.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1613-1625
Number of pages13
JournalCell Transplantation
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 11 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation

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    Aizawa-Kohama, M., Endo, T., Kitada, M., Wakao, S., Sumiyoshi, A., Matsuse, D., Kuroda, Y., Morita, T., Riera, J. J., Kawashima, R., Tominaga, T., & Dezawa, M. (2013). Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cell-derived neural precursor cells ameliorates deficits in a rat model of complete spinal cord transection. Cell Transplantation, 22(9), 1613-1625. https://doi.org/10.3727/096368912X658791