Traumatic neuroma and recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection: Comparison of radiologic features

Hidetake Yabuuchi, Toshiro Kuroiwa, Tatsuro Fukuya, Kichinobu Tomita, Yoichi Hachitanda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the ultrasonographic (US), computed tomographic (CT), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features that differentiate traumatic neuroma from recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection. MATERIALS AMD METHODS: Imaging findings of 10 patients with a traumatic neuroma and 17 with recurrent lymphadenopathy were reviewed. US and CT were performed in all patients; MR imaging was performed in 16 patients. Findings analyzed at US included the diameter of the long and short axes, the short-axis-to-long-axis ratio, and the presence of a central hyperechoic area. Findings analyzed at CT were contiguity with common or internal carotid artery, lesion location in correlation with carotid artery, and the presence of a hyperattenuating rim. Findings analyzed at MR imaging included signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images, the presence of ring enhancement, and the presence of a hypointense rim on T2-weighted images. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found between traumatic neuroma and recurrent lymphadenopathy in the short-axis-to-long-axis ratio (mean, 0.47 vs 0.72; P < .001), the short-axis diameter (mean, 5.7 vs 12.2 mm; P < .001), the presence of a central hyperechoic area (five of 10 patients [50%] vs one of 17 patients [6%]; P < .05), the frequency of contact with carotid artery (two of 10 patients [20%] vs 13 of 17 patients [76%]; P < .01), and the presence of a hypointense rim on T2-weighted MR images (three of six patients [50%] vs zero of 10 patients [0%]; P < .05). Findings in other parameters were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Several imaging findings can differentiate traumatic neuroma from recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-529
Number of pages7
JournalRadiology
Volume233
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2004

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Neuroma
Neck Dissection
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Carotid Arteries
Lymphadenopathy
Common Carotid Artery
Internal Carotid Artery
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Traumatic neuroma and recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection : Comparison of radiologic features. / Yabuuchi, Hidetake; Kuroiwa, Toshiro; Fukuya, Tatsuro; Tomita, Kichinobu; Hachitanda, Yoichi.

In: Radiology, Vol. 233, No. 2, 01.11.2004, p. 523-529.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Yabuuchi, Hidetake ; Kuroiwa, Toshiro ; Fukuya, Tatsuro ; Tomita, Kichinobu ; Hachitanda, Yoichi. / Traumatic neuroma and recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection : Comparison of radiologic features. In: Radiology. 2004 ; Vol. 233, No. 2. pp. 523-529.
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abstract = "PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the ultrasonographic (US), computed tomographic (CT), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features that differentiate traumatic neuroma from recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection. MATERIALS AMD METHODS: Imaging findings of 10 patients with a traumatic neuroma and 17 with recurrent lymphadenopathy were reviewed. US and CT were performed in all patients; MR imaging was performed in 16 patients. Findings analyzed at US included the diameter of the long and short axes, the short-axis-to-long-axis ratio, and the presence of a central hyperechoic area. Findings analyzed at CT were contiguity with common or internal carotid artery, lesion location in correlation with carotid artery, and the presence of a hyperattenuating rim. Findings analyzed at MR imaging included signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images, the presence of ring enhancement, and the presence of a hypointense rim on T2-weighted images. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found between traumatic neuroma and recurrent lymphadenopathy in the short-axis-to-long-axis ratio (mean, 0.47 vs 0.72; P < .001), the short-axis diameter (mean, 5.7 vs 12.2 mm; P < .001), the presence of a central hyperechoic area (five of 10 patients [50{\%}] vs one of 17 patients [6{\%}]; P < .05), the frequency of contact with carotid artery (two of 10 patients [20{\%}] vs 13 of 17 patients [76{\%}]; P < .01), and the presence of a hypointense rim on T2-weighted MR images (three of six patients [50{\%}] vs zero of 10 patients [0{\%}]; P < .05). Findings in other parameters were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Several imaging findings can differentiate traumatic neuroma from recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection.",
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AU - Hachitanda, Yoichi

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N2 - PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the ultrasonographic (US), computed tomographic (CT), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features that differentiate traumatic neuroma from recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection. MATERIALS AMD METHODS: Imaging findings of 10 patients with a traumatic neuroma and 17 with recurrent lymphadenopathy were reviewed. US and CT were performed in all patients; MR imaging was performed in 16 patients. Findings analyzed at US included the diameter of the long and short axes, the short-axis-to-long-axis ratio, and the presence of a central hyperechoic area. Findings analyzed at CT were contiguity with common or internal carotid artery, lesion location in correlation with carotid artery, and the presence of a hyperattenuating rim. Findings analyzed at MR imaging included signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images, the presence of ring enhancement, and the presence of a hypointense rim on T2-weighted images. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found between traumatic neuroma and recurrent lymphadenopathy in the short-axis-to-long-axis ratio (mean, 0.47 vs 0.72; P < .001), the short-axis diameter (mean, 5.7 vs 12.2 mm; P < .001), the presence of a central hyperechoic area (five of 10 patients [50%] vs one of 17 patients [6%]; P < .05), the frequency of contact with carotid artery (two of 10 patients [20%] vs 13 of 17 patients [76%]; P < .01), and the presence of a hypointense rim on T2-weighted MR images (three of six patients [50%] vs zero of 10 patients [0%]; P < .05). Findings in other parameters were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Several imaging findings can differentiate traumatic neuroma from recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection.

AB - PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the ultrasonographic (US), computed tomographic (CT), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features that differentiate traumatic neuroma from recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection. MATERIALS AMD METHODS: Imaging findings of 10 patients with a traumatic neuroma and 17 with recurrent lymphadenopathy were reviewed. US and CT were performed in all patients; MR imaging was performed in 16 patients. Findings analyzed at US included the diameter of the long and short axes, the short-axis-to-long-axis ratio, and the presence of a central hyperechoic area. Findings analyzed at CT were contiguity with common or internal carotid artery, lesion location in correlation with carotid artery, and the presence of a hyperattenuating rim. Findings analyzed at MR imaging included signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images, the presence of ring enhancement, and the presence of a hypointense rim on T2-weighted images. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found between traumatic neuroma and recurrent lymphadenopathy in the short-axis-to-long-axis ratio (mean, 0.47 vs 0.72; P < .001), the short-axis diameter (mean, 5.7 vs 12.2 mm; P < .001), the presence of a central hyperechoic area (five of 10 patients [50%] vs one of 17 patients [6%]; P < .05), the frequency of contact with carotid artery (two of 10 patients [20%] vs 13 of 17 patients [76%]; P < .01), and the presence of a hypointense rim on T2-weighted MR images (three of six patients [50%] vs zero of 10 patients [0%]; P < .05). Findings in other parameters were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Several imaging findings can differentiate traumatic neuroma from recurrent lymphadenopathy after neck dissection.

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