Traveling ionospheric disturbances observed by Kharkiv and Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radars near vernal equinox and summer solstice

Sergii V. Panasenko, Larisa P. Goncharenko, Philip J. Erickson, Kateryna D. Aksonova, Igor F. Domnin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of comparative study of traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs) obtained at middle latitudes of different longitudinal sectors during two coordinated observational campaigns. The joint measurements were conducted near the vernal equinox and summer solstice in 2016 using Kharkiv (49.6 N, 36.3 E) and Millstone Hill (42.6 N, 288.5 E) incoherent scatter radars. The same methods and software were used for analysis of both data sets to ensure consistency. We found that TIDs with periods of 40–80 min are observed during all measurements and concentrated predominantly near the sunrise and sunset terminators over both sites. There is no obvious relationship between the observed wave processes and variations in the auroral electrojet. Absolute and relative amplitudes, time of appearance, durations and phase differences of TIDs show strong height and seasonal variability. Relative amplitudes are substantially greater over Millstone Hill, whereas higher absolute amplitudes are observed over Kharkiv. During the summer solstice, the overall wave activity is smaller than during vernal equinox. Additional joint observations are needed to identify the seasonal and longitudinal dependences of TID characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-23
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Volume172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science

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