Treatment with myo-inositol attenuates binding of the carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein to the ChREBP-β and FASN genes in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by high-fructose diet

Masaya Shimada, Yutaro Ichigo, Bungo Shirouchi, Shigeo Takashima, Mizuho Inagaki, Tomoyuki Nakagawa, Takashi Hayakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dietary supplementation with the major lipotrope myo-inositol (MI) potently reduces triglyceride (TG) content and expression levels of the fatty acid synthesis genes, for example, fatty acid synthase (FASN), in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by high-fructose diet. Fatty acid synthesis genes are regulated by the carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) that exists in 2 isoforms: ChREBP-α and ChREBP-β. The gene encoding the latter isoform is more responsive to fructose. Because MI repressed the induction of fatty acid synthesis gene expression by high-fructose diet, we hypothesized that MI may reduce binding of ChREBP to the carbohydrate response elements (ChoREs) in the ChREBP-β gene as well as in fatty acid synthesis genes in the liver. Rats were fed high-glucose, high-fructose, or high-fructose diets supplemented with MI (0.05% and 0.25%) for 2 weeks. Hepatic TG content and expression levels of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme 1, FASN, acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha, S14, and ChREBP-β were remarkably elevated in rats fed with high fructose compared with the corresponding levels in high-glucose group. Notably, elevated values of these parameters in high-fructose group were reduced by MI. Similarly, high-fructose–induced ChREBP binding to the ChoREs of the ChREBP-β and FASN genes was nominally decreased by MI. This study showed that treatment with MI reduced elevated TG content and expression of genes related to fatty acid synthesis, such as FASN and ChREBP-β in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by high-fructose diet. Furthermore, MI treatment nominally decreased increased binding of ChREBP to the ChoREs of ChREBP-β and FASN genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition Research
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

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Fatty Acid Synthases
Inositol
Fructose
Carrier Proteins
Carbohydrates
Diet
Genes
Fatty Acids
Response Elements
Triglycerides
malate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating)
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
saccharide-binding proteins
Protein Isoforms
Gene Expression
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Glucose
Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase
Liver
Dietary Supplements

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Treatment with myo-inositol attenuates binding of the carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein to the ChREBP-β and FASN genes in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by high-fructose diet. / Shimada, Masaya; Ichigo, Yutaro; Shirouchi, Bungo; Takashima, Shigeo; Inagaki, Mizuho; Nakagawa, Tomoyuki; Hayakawa, Takashi.

In: Nutrition Research, Vol. 64, 01.04.2019, p. 49-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Dietary supplementation with the major lipotrope myo-inositol (MI) potently reduces triglyceride (TG) content and expression levels of the fatty acid synthesis genes, for example, fatty acid synthase (FASN), in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by high-fructose diet. Fatty acid synthesis genes are regulated by the carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) that exists in 2 isoforms: ChREBP-α and ChREBP-β. The gene encoding the latter isoform is more responsive to fructose. Because MI repressed the induction of fatty acid synthesis gene expression by high-fructose diet, we hypothesized that MI may reduce binding of ChREBP to the carbohydrate response elements (ChoREs) in the ChREBP-β gene as well as in fatty acid synthesis genes in the liver. Rats were fed high-glucose, high-fructose, or high-fructose diets supplemented with MI (0.05{\%} and 0.25{\%}) for 2 weeks. Hepatic TG content and expression levels of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme 1, FASN, acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha, S14, and ChREBP-β were remarkably elevated in rats fed with high fructose compared with the corresponding levels in high-glucose group. Notably, elevated values of these parameters in high-fructose group were reduced by MI. Similarly, high-fructose–induced ChREBP binding to the ChoREs of the ChREBP-β and FASN genes was nominally decreased by MI. This study showed that treatment with MI reduced elevated TG content and expression of genes related to fatty acid synthesis, such as FASN and ChREBP-β in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by high-fructose diet. Furthermore, MI treatment nominally decreased increased binding of ChREBP to the ChoREs of ChREBP-β and FASN genes.",
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AU - Shimada, Masaya

AU - Ichigo, Yutaro

AU - Shirouchi, Bungo

AU - Takashima, Shigeo

AU - Inagaki, Mizuho

AU - Nakagawa, Tomoyuki

AU - Hayakawa, Takashi

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AB - Dietary supplementation with the major lipotrope myo-inositol (MI) potently reduces triglyceride (TG) content and expression levels of the fatty acid synthesis genes, for example, fatty acid synthase (FASN), in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by high-fructose diet. Fatty acid synthesis genes are regulated by the carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) that exists in 2 isoforms: ChREBP-α and ChREBP-β. The gene encoding the latter isoform is more responsive to fructose. Because MI repressed the induction of fatty acid synthesis gene expression by high-fructose diet, we hypothesized that MI may reduce binding of ChREBP to the carbohydrate response elements (ChoREs) in the ChREBP-β gene as well as in fatty acid synthesis genes in the liver. Rats were fed high-glucose, high-fructose, or high-fructose diets supplemented with MI (0.05% and 0.25%) for 2 weeks. Hepatic TG content and expression levels of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme 1, FASN, acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha, S14, and ChREBP-β were remarkably elevated in rats fed with high fructose compared with the corresponding levels in high-glucose group. Notably, elevated values of these parameters in high-fructose group were reduced by MI. Similarly, high-fructose–induced ChREBP binding to the ChoREs of the ChREBP-β and FASN genes was nominally decreased by MI. This study showed that treatment with MI reduced elevated TG content and expression of genes related to fatty acid synthesis, such as FASN and ChREBP-β in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by high-fructose diet. Furthermore, MI treatment nominally decreased increased binding of ChREBP to the ChoREs of ChREBP-β and FASN genes.

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