Triaxial magnetic anisotropy and Morin transition in α-Fe2O3epitaxial films characterized by spin Hall magnetoresistance

Daisuke Kan, Takahiro Moriyama, Ryotaro Aso, Shinji Horai, Yuichi Shimakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We grew epitaxial thin films of hematite (α-Fe2O3) on (0 0 0 1) Al2O3 substrates by pulsed laser deposition and investigated their magnetic properties. α-Fe2O3 films grown at lower temperatures are found to undergo the Morin transition at higher temperatures, implying that lowering the growth temperature and managing lattice defects associated with strain relaxation are key to realizing Morin transition. We also characterized films' magnetic properties by spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR). We show that tri-axial magnetic anisotropy can be detected as SMR features having a 60° period with respect to in-plane magnetic field rotations. Furthermore, a large change in SMR ratio associated with Néel vector re-orientation due to Morin transition is seen. Details of SMR properties for α-Fe2O3 films and their analysis results, including the influence of the fabrication process on SMR behaviors, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112403
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume120
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 14 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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