Purpose To investigate the diagnostic potential of T1ρ relaxation for assessing liver function, liver fibrosis, or liver necroinflammation in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). Materials and Methods We obtained T1ρ maps of the liver for 53 patients with or without CLD. We measured the T1ρ values of the liver and correlated them with the results of laboratory tests and histological examinations. Pearson's correlation coefficients (r) were calculated between the T1ρ values and blood serum parameters including the retention rates at 15 minutes after an injection of indocyanine green (ICG-R15). Spearman's rank correlation coefficients were calculated between the T1ρ values and the scores of liver fibrosis or liver necroinflammation. Results The T1ρ values showed significant positive correlations with the serum levels of total bilirubin (r=0.31, P<0.05), direct bilirubin (r=0.32, P<0.05), and ICG-R15 (r=0.46, P<0.05), and significant negative correlations with the serum levels of albumin (r=-0.33, P<0.05) and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (r=-0.28, P<0.05). However, there were no significant correlations between the T1ρ value and the scores of liver fibrosis (P=0.95) or liver necroinflammation (P=0.86). Conclusion T1ρ relaxation has potential as a biomarker of liver function in patients with CLD. However, it may not be suitable to estimate liver fibrosis or liver necroinflammation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging