Objective. To characterize the computed tomography (CT) findings that distinguish cancer recurrence from postoperative changes that mimic such recurrence. Study design. We evaluated a total of 72 CT scans from 32 patients who had undergone surgery with either pectoralis major myocutaneous flap or forearm flap. The observers evaluated the presence and pattern of enhancement, the presence of low density areas, and changes in the adipose tissue of the flap. Results. A persistent zone of high attenuation over 6 months suggested the high possibility of recurrence. However, an enhancement within 6 months occurred both with the recurrent tumor and with postoperative tissue. In the patients with recurrence (n = 12), the enhanced areas were focal (n = 8) or diffuse (n = 4). Focal-type recurrence often occurred at the posterior margin. The presence of low-density areas and changes in the adipose tissue in the flap are also helpful for detecting recurrence. Conclusions. The combination of several features seen on CT images can be useful in differentiating tumor recurrence from postoperative tissue changes. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2000;90:369-76).
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery