The clinical and neuroimaging features of 20 patients with lateral ventricular tumours located around the foramen of Monro were reviewed retrospectively with special emphasis on the differential diagnoses. Histologic types were: eight neurocytomas, four subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SGCAs), three subependymomas, two fibrillary astrocytomas, and one each of pilocytic astrocytoma, malignant astrocytoma and malignant teratoma. The mean age of the patients with neurocytoma was 29.6 years, with SGCA 13.3 years and with subependymoma 55.3 years. All tumours appeared nodular in shape, and on computed tomography (CT) neurocytomas were either isodense or highdense with the brain, while all subependymomas and SGCAs were lowdense. Calcification was observed in two SGCAs, and one neurocytoma. Five neurocytomas and all four SGCAs showed mild to moderate contrast enhancement, while all three subependymomas showed either no, or scarce, enhancement. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies were available in 10 patients, with the signal characteristics of four neurocytomas and three SGCAs being nonspecific, while two subependymomas were both hypointense on T1-weighted images and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. Thus important features for differential diagnosis included age of the patient and density on precontrast CT. In this series, either an extensive excision of the tumour or a partial removal, thus relieving the obstruction of the foramina of Monro, usually provided long term survival, with 18 patients surviving a mean of 10.8 years.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Physiology (medical)