In this paper, a new compact coplanar waveguide (CPW) ultrawideband (UWB) antenna with an electronically tunable notched band is proposed for an overlay onto cognitive radio (CR) systems. The proposed antenna utilized a rectangular microstrip resonator in the bottom layer to create a single notched band and to realize tunability and miniaturization using varactors. The center frequency of the notched band can be electronically tuned by changing the effective electrical length of the microstrip resonator, which is achieved by employing two varactor diodes at the resonator edges. Moreover, the simple biasing of the varactor diodes has a small effect on the antenna performance. Experimental results show that the proposed antenna can selectively have a band notch over a continuous operating band about 1.44 GHz from 4.77 to 6.21 GHz to prevent the interference to the primary users that are operating in this band such as the WLAN (5.15-5.35 GHz; 5.725-5.825 GHz) and the WiMAX (5.255.825 GHz). Good agreement is found between the simulated and the measured data.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials