Two cases of anterior cerebral artery aneurysm associated with accessory anterior cerebral artery: Review of the literature and points of diagnosis

Kazushi Maeda, Shunya Tanaka, Ryusuke Hatae, Yoshihisa Maeda, Masayuki Miyazono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The accessory anterior cerebral artery (AccACA) is an anomalous vessel arising from the anterior communicating artery. Although AccACA is not particularly rare, aneurysms arising from the AccACA is extremely rare. Here, we report two cases of unruptured AccACA aneurysms. Patient 1 was a 58-year-old woman with an unruptured distal AccACA aneurysm. Magnetic resonance imaging and three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) demonstrated a left middle cerebral artery aneurysm that was subsequently clipped successfully by direct surgery. No aneurysm was detected in the distal anterior cerebral artery (ACA) due to the narrow imaging range at that time. Postoperatively, an aneurysm of the distal ACA was incidentally identified on 3D-CTA. This AccACA aneurysm was also clipped by direct surgery about 5 months later, and the patient was discharged without any neurological deficits. Patient 2 was a 46-year-old woman with an aneurysm at the proximal portion of the AccACA. Since the aneurysm was small and patient was asymptomatic, the observation-approach was selected. In introducing these cases, we discuss AccACA aneurysms and the process of diagnosis. Aneurysm can arise over the entire length of the ACA, from the anterior communicating artery to the peripheral portion, particularly the supracallosal portion, so observation and imaging of the peripheral region is important in cases where an AccACA is present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-466
Number of pages6
JournalNeurological Surgery
Volume42
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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