We construct soliton solutions for a self-attractive Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in a rotating optical lattice. The rotation pivot is set at a local maximum of the lattice potential. We demonstrate that fully localized stable solitons, containing N∼10,000 atoms, may be supported by the lattice, rotating along with it, if the angular velocity ω is taken below a critical value ωc (which is 10 kHz). A monotonously increasing dependence of ωc on N is found. In the regime of rapid rotation, the lattice potential is nearly tantamount to the axisymmetric Bessel potential, with a maximum at the center. The latter potential supports fundamental ring-shaped solitons, and also dipole states, which have a bipolar form of two adjacent ring solitons with opposite signs. Stability regions are found for both species (which is the first example of stable azimuthally uniform solitons in a self-focusing model with a radial potential). Unstable solitons of these types evolve into strongly localized nonrotating states. At smaller ω, they start to drift slowly, following the rotating lattice. The second critical value, ω= ωc (2), is found, below which the drifting solitons are destroyed. The rotating lattice supports no stable states in the interval of ωc <ω< ωc (2).
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics