### Abstract

To predict the runout distance and inundated area of rainfall-induced debris flows, we develop a depth-averaged two-dimensional numerical model, in which the debris and water mixture is assumed to be a continuous, incompressible, unsteady fluid. The model is based on the continuity equations and Navier-Stokes equations. As raster grid networks of digital elevation model in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can be used as the finite difference mesh, the continuity and momentum equations are solved numerically using the finite difference method. All the input and output data are processed in GIS. The model is applied to simulate the rainfall-induced debris flow of July 20, 2003, in Minamata City, southern Kyushu, Japan. The simulation reproduces the propagation and deposition of the debris flow and the results are in good agreement with field investigations. The two-dimensional numerical simulation of rainfall-induced debris flows using GIS can be used to estimate the flow range, and to define potentially hazardous areas for homes and roads.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment |

Pages | 209-219 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Publication status | Published - 2007 |

Event | 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment - Chengdu, China Duration: Sep 10 2007 → Sep 13 2007 |

### Other

Other | 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment |
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Country | China |

City | Chengdu |

Period | 9/10/07 → 9/13/07 |

### Fingerprint

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Water Science and Technology
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Earth-Surface Processes

### Cite this

*4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment*(pp. 209-219)

**Two-dimensional numerical simulation of rainfall-induced debris flows using GIS.** / Wang, C. X.; Esaki, T.; Mitani, Yasuhiro; Andou, J.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Conference contribution

*4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment.*pp. 209-219, 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Chengdu, China, 9/10/07.

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Two-dimensional numerical simulation of rainfall-induced debris flows using GIS

AU - Wang, C. X.

AU - Esaki, T.

AU - Mitani, Yasuhiro

AU - Andou, J.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - To predict the runout distance and inundated area of rainfall-induced debris flows, we develop a depth-averaged two-dimensional numerical model, in which the debris and water mixture is assumed to be a continuous, incompressible, unsteady fluid. The model is based on the continuity equations and Navier-Stokes equations. As raster grid networks of digital elevation model in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can be used as the finite difference mesh, the continuity and momentum equations are solved numerically using the finite difference method. All the input and output data are processed in GIS. The model is applied to simulate the rainfall-induced debris flow of July 20, 2003, in Minamata City, southern Kyushu, Japan. The simulation reproduces the propagation and deposition of the debris flow and the results are in good agreement with field investigations. The two-dimensional numerical simulation of rainfall-induced debris flows using GIS can be used to estimate the flow range, and to define potentially hazardous areas for homes and roads.

AB - To predict the runout distance and inundated area of rainfall-induced debris flows, we develop a depth-averaged two-dimensional numerical model, in which the debris and water mixture is assumed to be a continuous, incompressible, unsteady fluid. The model is based on the continuity equations and Navier-Stokes equations. As raster grid networks of digital elevation model in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can be used as the finite difference mesh, the continuity and momentum equations are solved numerically using the finite difference method. All the input and output data are processed in GIS. The model is applied to simulate the rainfall-induced debris flow of July 20, 2003, in Minamata City, southern Kyushu, Japan. The simulation reproduces the propagation and deposition of the debris flow and the results are in good agreement with field investigations. The two-dimensional numerical simulation of rainfall-induced debris flows using GIS can be used to estimate the flow range, and to define potentially hazardous areas for homes and roads.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=57849111466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=57849111466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:57849111466

SN - 9789059660595

SP - 209

EP - 219

BT - 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment

ER -