Lysosomal membrane proteins are delivered from their synthesis site, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to late endosomes/lysosomes through the Golgi complex. It has been proposed that after leaving the Golgi they are transported either directly or indirectly (via the cell surface) to late endosomes/lysosomes. In the present study, we examined the transport routes taken by two structurally different lysosomal membrane proteins, LGP85 and LGP107, in rat 3Y1-B cells. Here we show that newly synthesized LGP85 and LGP107 are delivered to late endosomes/lysosomes via a direct route without passing through the cell surface. Interestingly, although LGP107 is delivered from the Golgi to early endosomes containing internalized horseradish peroxidase-conjugated transferrin (HRP-Tfn) en route to lysosomes, LGP85 does not pass through the HRP-Tfn-positive early endosomes. These results suggest, therefore, that LGP85 and LGP107 are sorted into distinct transport vesicles at the post-Golgi, presumably the trans-Golgi network (TGN), after which LGP85 is delivered directly to late endosomes/lysosomes, but significant fractions of LGP107 are targeted to early endosomes before transport to late endosomes/lysosomes. This study provides the first evidence that after exiting from the Golgi, LGP85 and LGP107 are targeted to late endosomes/lysosomes via a different pathway.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 21 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology