Tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2), a member of the JAK-signal transducer family, is involved in intracellular signaling triggered by various cytokines, including IL-23. We have recently reported that resident γδ T cells in the peritoneal cavity of naive mice produced IL-17 in response to IL-23. In this study, we examined importance of Tyk2-mediated signaling in the IL-17 production by γδ T cells using Tyk2 deficient (-/-) mice. γ T cells in the peritoneal cavity of Tyk2-/- mice displayed effecter/memory phenotypes and TCR V repertoire similar to those in Tyk2+/+ mice and produced comparable level of IL-17 to those in Tyk2+/+ mice in response to PMA and ionomycin, indicating normal differentiation to IL-17-producing effectors in the absence of Tyk2-signaling. However, γδ T cells in Tyk2-/- mice produced less amount of IL-17 in response to IL-23 in vitro than those in Tyk2+/+ mice. Similarly, γδ T cells in the peritoneal cavity of Tyk2-/- mice showed severely impaired IL-17 production after an i.p. infection with E. coli despite comparable level of IL-23 production to Tyk2+/+ mice. As a consequence, Tyk2-/- mice showed a reduced infiltration of neutrophils and severely impaired bacterial clearance after Escherichia coli infection. These results indicate that Tyk2-signaling is critical for IL-23-induced IL-17 production by γδ T cells, which is involved in the first line of host defense by controlling neutrophil-mediated immune responses.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy