Receptor for activated C kinase (Rack)-1 is a protein kinase C-interacting protein, and contains a WD repeat but has no enzymatic activity. In addition to protein kinase C, Rack-1 also binds to Src, phospholipase Cγ, and ras-GTPase-activating proteins. Thus, Rack-1 is thought to function as a scaffold protein that recruits specific signaling elements. In a cytokine signaling cascade, Rack-1 has been reported to interact with the IFN-αβ receptor and Stat1. In addition, we show here that Rack-1 associates with a member of Jak, tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2). Rack-1 interacts weakly with the kinase domain and interacts strongly with the pseudokinase domain of Tyk2. Rack-1 associates with Tyk2 via two regions, one in the N terminus and one in the middle portion (aa 138-203) of Rack-1. Jak activation causes the phosphorylation of tyrosine 194 on Rack-1. After phosphorylation, Rack-1 is translocated toward the perinuclear region. In addition to functioning as a scaffolding protein, these results raise the possibility that Rack-1 functions as a signaling molecule in cytokine signaling cascades.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy