Programmable RNA editing offers significant therapeutic potential for a wide range of genetic diseases. Currently, several deaminase enzymes, including ADAR and APOBEC, can perform programmable adenosine-to-inosine or cytidine-to-uridine RNA correction. However, enzymes to perform guanosine-to-adenosine and uridine-to-cytidine (U-to-C) editing are still lacking to complete the set of transition reactions. It is believed that the DYW:KP proteins, specific to seedless plants, catalyze the U-to-C reactions in mitochondria and chloroplasts. In this study, we designed seven DYW:KP domains based on consensus sequences and fused them to a designer RNA-binding pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) domain. We show that three of these PPR-DYW:KP proteins edit targeted uridine to cytidine in bacteria and human cells. In addition, we show that these proteins have a 5′ but not apparent 3′ preference for neighboring nucleotides. Our results establish the DYW:KP aminase domain as a potential candidate for the development of a U-to-C editing tool in human cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)