Ubiquitin enzymes in the regulation of immune responses

Petra Ebner, Gijs A. Versteeg, Fumiyo Ikeda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ubiquitination plays a central role in the regulation of various biological functions including immune responses. Ubiquitination is induced by a cascade of enzymatic reactions by E1 ubiquitin activating enzyme, E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme, and E3 ubiquitin ligase, and reversed by deubiquitinases. Depending on the enzymes, specific linkage types of ubiquitin chains are generated or hydrolyzed. Because different linkage types of ubiquitin chains control the fate of the substrate, understanding the regulatory mechanisms of ubiquitin enzymes is central. In this review, we highlight the most recent knowledge of ubiquitination in the immune signaling cascades including the T cell and B cell signaling cascades as well as the TNF signaling cascade regulated by various ubiquitin enzymes. Furthermore, we highlight the TRIM ubiquitin ligase family as one of the examples of critical E3 ubiquitin ligases in the regulation of immune responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-460
Number of pages36
JournalCritical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 4 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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