The cytosolic protein Ric-8A acts as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Gα subunits of the Gi, Gq, and G12/13 classes of heterotrimeric G protein in vitro, and is also known to increase the amounts of these Gα proteins in vivo. The mechanism whereby Ric-8 regulates Gα content, however, has not been fully understood. Here we show that Ric-8 Astabilizes Gαi2 and Gαq by preventing their ubiquitination. Ric-8A interacts with and stabilizes Gαi2, Gαq, Gα12, but not Gαs, when expressed in COS-7 cells. The protein levels of Gαi2 and Gαq appear to be controlled via the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation pathway, because these Gα subunits undergo polyubiquitination and are stabilized with the proteasome inhibitor MG132. The ubiquitination of Gαi2 and Gαq is suppressed by expression of Ric-8A. The suppression likely requires Ric-8A interaction with these Gα proteins; the C-terminal truncation of Gαq and Gαi2 completely abrogates their interaction with Ric-8A, their stabilization by Ric-8A, and Ric-8A-mediated inhibition of Gα ubiquitination.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 7 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology