Ultra Grain Refining and Decomposition of Oxide during Super-heavy Deformation in Oxide Dispersion Ferritic Stainless Steel Powder

Yuuji Kimura, Setsuo Takaki, Shinichi Suejima, Ryuji Uemori, Hiroshi Tamehiro

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Mechanical milling using a high energy planetary ball mill was applied to the powder mixtures of iron, chromium and yttria (Y2O3) (Fe-24mass%Cr-0-15mass%Y2O3) to introduce a very large strain into the iron-base matrix, and microstructural changes during mechanical milling were investigated in relation to decomposition behavior of Y2O3 particles. Mechanical milling of more than 36 ks was long enough to allow the mechanical alloying of iron and chromium powders. After the milling of 36 ks, ultrafine bec crystalline grains of 10 to 20 nm were formed within Fe-24mass%Cr-15mass%Y2O3 powder mixture and 15 mass% of Y2O3 particles were almost decomposed. The resultant powder mixture markedly hardened to about 1 000 Hv. The decomposition of Y2O3 particles can be explained as being due to the formation of an amorphous grain boundary layer where yttrium and oxygen atoms are enriched. As a result, it is proposed that, for the dissolution of Y2O3, bcc crystalline grains should be refined to a nanometric size to provide a sufficient volume fraction of the grain boundary layer, and that Y2O3 particles should be crushed to several nanometers to produce the driving force for the decomposition of Y2O3 particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-182
Number of pages7
Journalisij international
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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