Ultra-thin silicon/electro-optic polymer hybrid waveguide modulators

Feng Qiu, Hiromu Sato, Andrew Mark Spring, Daisuke Maeda, Masa Aki Ozawa, Keisuke Odoi, Isao Aoki, Akira Otomo, Shiyoshi Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultra-thin silicon and electro-optic (EO) polymer hybrid waveguide modulators have been designed and fabricated. The waveguide consists of a silicon core with a thickness of 30 nm and a width of 2 μm. The cladding is an EO polymer. Optical mode calculation reveals that 55% of the optical field around the silicon extends into the EO polymer in the TE mode. A Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) modulator was prepared using common coplanar electrodes. The measured half-wave voltage of the MZI with 7 μm spacing and 1.3 cm long electrodes is 4.6 V at 1550 nm. The evaluated EO coefficient is 70 pm/V, which is comparable to that of the bulk EO polymer film. Using ultra-thin silicon is beneficial in order to reduce the side-wall scattering loss, yielding a propagation loss of 4.0 dB/cm. We also investigated a mode converter which couples light from the hybrid EO waveguide into a strip silicon waveguide. The calculation indicates that the coupling loss between these two devices is small enough to exploit the potential fusion of a hybrid EO polymer modulator together with a silicon micro-photonics device.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123302
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume107
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 21 2015

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electro-optics
modulators
waveguides
polymers
silicon
Mach-Zehnder interferometers
electrodes
converters
strip
fusion
spacing
photonics
propagation
electric potential
coefficients
scattering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ultra-thin silicon/electro-optic polymer hybrid waveguide modulators. / Qiu, Feng; Sato, Hiromu; Spring, Andrew Mark; Maeda, Daisuke; Ozawa, Masa Aki; Odoi, Keisuke; Aoki, Isao; Otomo, Akira; Yokoyama, Shiyoshi.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 107, No. 12, 123302, 21.09.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Qiu, F, Sato, H, Spring, AM, Maeda, D, Ozawa, MA, Odoi, K, Aoki, I, Otomo, A & Yokoyama, S 2015, 'Ultra-thin silicon/electro-optic polymer hybrid waveguide modulators', Applied Physics Letters, vol. 107, no. 12, 123302. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931490
Qiu, Feng ; Sato, Hiromu ; Spring, Andrew Mark ; Maeda, Daisuke ; Ozawa, Masa Aki ; Odoi, Keisuke ; Aoki, Isao ; Otomo, Akira ; Yokoyama, Shiyoshi. / Ultra-thin silicon/electro-optic polymer hybrid waveguide modulators. In: Applied Physics Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 107, No. 12.
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