Despite significant studies on mechanical properties of high-entropy alloys (HEAs), there have been limited attempts to examine the biocompatibility of these alloys. In this study, a lattice-softened high-entropy alloy TiAlFeCoNi with ultrahigh hardness (examined by Vickers method), low elastic modulus (examined by nanoindentation) and superior activity for cell proliferation/viability/cytotoxicity (examined by MTT assay) was developed by employing imperial data and thermodynamic calculations. The designated alloy after casting was processed further by high-pressure torsion (HPT) to improve its hardness via the introduction of nanograins, dislocations and order-disorder transformation. The TiAlFeCoNi alloy with the L21-BCC crystal structure exhibited 170–580% higher hardness and 260–1020% better cellular metabolic activity compared to titanium and Ti-6Al-7Nb biomaterials, suggesting the high potential of HEAs for future biomedical applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering