Ultrahigh Thermoelectric Performance in SrNb0.2Ti0.8O3 Oxide Films at a Submicrometer-Scale Thickness

Jikun Chen, Hongyi Chen, Feng Hao, Xinyou Ke, Nuofu Chen, Takeaki Yajima, Yong Jiang, Xun Shi, Kexiong Zhou, Max Döbeli, Tiansong Zhang, Binghui Ge, Hongliang Dong, Huarong Zeng, Wenwang Wu, Lidong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Localized refrigeration and power generation via thermoelectric technology rely on efficient thermoelectric materials with high performance at room temperature. Although the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG)-related materials exhibit ultrahigh thermoelectric performance near room temperature, such performance is only preserved at thicknesses within subnanometer scales, limited by the requirement of two-dimensional size confinements. Here we report ultrahigh thermoelectric performance similar to 2DEG-related materials but achieved in SrNb0.2Ti0.8O3 oxide films with a submicrometer-scale thickness by regulating strain-induced lattice polarizations and interfacial polarizations. A large figure of merit, zT, and power factor (∼102-103 μW cm-1 K-2) were achieved near room temperature, and the maximum zT is estimated to be ∼1.6 for a 49 nm thick film. These performances exceed those of the existing n-type thermoelectric materials for room-temperature uses and the reported best oxide materials beyond subnanometer scales. The earth-abundant elemental composition of the oxide film paves the way toward potential applications in thermoelectric thin film devices with a microscale thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-921
Number of pages7
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 14 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

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